Bài giảng Tiếng Anh Khối 10 - Unit 9: Reported speech (Grammar)

Changes occurring when a direct speech is converted into a reported one:

1.Time expressions

2. Place expressions

3. Verb tenses 

Examples:

1. “We had a forest fire last year,” said the ranger.  (Direct)

→ The ranger said they had had a forest fire the year before/the previous year.  (Indirect)

2. “Technological advances will transform the way we learn,” said one expert. (Direct)

→ One expert said that technological advances would transform the way we learned/learn. (Indirect) 

Examples:

1. “How can we stop soil erosion?” one farmer asked the expert. (Direct)

→ One farmer asked the expert how they could stop soil erosion. (Indirect)

2. Josh: - Did you catch sight of any wild animal on your last eco-tour, Andy? (Direct)

→ Josh asked Andy if/whether he had caught sight of any wild animal on his last eco-tour.  (Indirect)

pptx 10 trang Lệ Chi 20/12/2023 360
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Bài giảng Tiếng Anh Khối 10 - Unit 9: Reported speech (Grammar)
GRAMMAR 
 Reported speech 
Changes occurring when a direct speech is converted into a reported one: 
1.Time expressions 
2. Place expressions 
3. Verb tenses 
Changes of Time & Place expressions 
CHANGES OF TENSES OF VERBS 
CASE 
DIRECT  SPEECH 
REPORTED  SPEECH 
STATEMENTS 
“S + V TENSE + .....” 
S +  said/ remarked/pointed out (that) + S + V TENSE (CHANGED ) + .../ 
 S + told  + O +  (that) + S + V TENSE 
QUESTIONS 
1/ WH- question 
2/ Y/N question 
3/ OR question 
1/ S +  asked + O + WH- + S + V TENSE (CHANGED) 
2/ S +  asked + O + IF/WHETHER + S + V TENSE (CHANGED) 
3/ S +  asked + O + WHETHER + S + V TENSE (CHANGED) 
COMMANDS/REQUESTS/ ADVICE 
- (please) V BI 
- WH- ? 
- If I were you .... 
- You should 
S + Reporting V + O + to V 
Examples: 
1. “We had a forest fire last year,” said the ranger. (Direct) 
→ The ranger said they had had a forest fire the year before/the previous year. (Indirect) 
2. “Technological advances will transform the way we le... wife. (Direct) 
→ His wife wanted to know what had happened and asked him not to lie to her. 

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