SKKN Helping the G12 students improve their sense of responsibility to themselves, their families and society through post-reading activities

So far, we have been caring much about what families, schools and society should do for children. However, it is also important for students to be aware of what they have to do for themselves, their families and society. In other words, students must be responsible to themselves, their families and society. But in fact, many students not only neglect studying but also often avoid and complain about their tasks, miss deadlines, break the disciplines, and even blame others for the mistakes and failure. They are more and more materialistic, selfish, indifferent and emotionless. Therefore, it is undeniable that they are becoming more and more irresponsible.

As a high school teacher, I have learned that one of the six pillars of character education is to be responsible. However, educating sense of responsibility at my school has not been really effective. One of the most basically causes may be that responsibilities are usually taught theoretically with little practical application. In addition, it is not focused on in every lesson they learn in classes. Whereas, it is obviously possible to educate students' sense of responsibility through different subjects such as: Civic Education, Literature, Biology, English,… A question is raised is how I can teach my students sense of responsibility while our teaching methods mainly focus on language skills. In addition, my students are at the grade 12 when the GCSSE exam is coming soon and the teachers try to teach the knowledge that help students to get good marks in their tests and exams. It means I have to improve my students' sense of responsibility through teaching knowledge and language skills.

As a matter of fact the post-reading stage of a reading lesson is often confused with the closing of a lesson. So, teachers usually use classic post-reading activities to make sure that the students have already comprehended the text. However, I learn that at the post-reading stage students are not studying about the language of the text and they are not comprehending the text, either. At this stage students are supposed to apply what they possess. Post-reading activities are expected to encourage students to reflect upon what they have read, which takes the students to their real life situation. So, post-reading stage is potential to apply the activities which help improve students' sense of responsibility to themselves, their families and society. By this way I can combine teaching language skills with improving my students' sense of responsibility without time-consuming.

For the reasons above, from the beginning of the school year 2018-2019, I have carried a study which has changed the ways we used to teach post-reading with the topic "Helping the grade 12 students improve their sense of responsibility to themselves, their families and society through post-reading activities". Hoping that with these experiences teaching post-reading at my school will become more flexible and our students will be more responsible to themselves, their families and society.

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SKKN Helping the G12 students improve their sense of responsibility to themselves, their families and society through post-reading activities
PART I: INTRODUCTION
So far, we have been caring much about what families, schools and society should do for children. However, it is also important for students to be aware of what they have to do for themselves, their families and society. In other words, students must be responsible to themselves, their families and society. But in fact, many students not only neglect studying but also often avoid and complain about their tasks, miss deadlines, break the disciplines, and even blame others for the mistakes and failure. They are more and more materialistic, selfish, indifferent and emotionless. Therefore, it is undeniable that they are becoming more and more irresponsible.
As a high school teacher, I have learned that one of the six pillars of character education is to be responsible. However, educating sense of responsibility at my school has not been really effective. One of the most basically causes may be that responsibilities are usually taught theoretically with little practic...will be more responsible to themselves, their families and society.
PART II: CONTENT
I. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
1. Sense of responsibility
1.1. Definition of responsibility and sense of responsibility
Responsibility is defined as the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone; thestate or fact of being accountable or to blame for something; the opportunity or ability to act independently and take decisions without authorization; a thing which one is required to do as part of a job, role, or legal obligation. Responsibility is the burden someone is obligated to fulfill in order to meet a particular need. Someone’s level of meeting his responsibilities shows how trustworthy he is, particularly if he consistently meets his responsibilities.
A sense of responsibility is an awareness of one’s obligations; it’s like doing what we suppose to do. It can be defined as a general conscious awareness; "a sense of security"; "a sense of happiness"; "a sense of danger"; "a sense of self".
1.2. List of responsibilities every student should fulfill
Students are expected to fulfill some key responsibilities before they leave school and start a new life. They are:
Responsibilities to themselves
Responsibilities to their families
Responsibilities to their school
Responsibilities to their community and society
2. Post- reading activities
2.1. Definition of post-reading activities
Post-reading activities are simply activities done after while-reading activities are completed. At this stage the students are in a temporary change of state or condition, that is, they now know something they did not know before. The task of the post-reading stage is to integrate or synthesize the read material into one's knowledge base of the topic. Students need to make the material their own. This can be achieved through a variety of means employing writing, class discussion, visual representations, and physical demonstration.
When the while-read...d make students think of what they have to do in the real life.
Teaching the sense of responsibility may make students boring so the activities should be challenging and interesting enough to attract their attention and stimulate them to take part in.
To be suitable with the time limit of post-reading stage, the length of each activity is about 10 minutes
II. SITUATION ANALYSIS
1. Situation of students' sense of responsibilities at my school.
My school is located in the mountainous area of the district. Therefore, there are many difficulties in the teaching and learning. Most of the students at my school live far from the district center and come from low-income families. In spite of the difficulties, the students are given a chance to go to school. In recent years, due to the objective reasons, the number of students applying for my school has been decreasing, which makes the enrolment seem to be too easy for the students. It may be a cause of the fact that the students hardly make any attempts to learn, they are becoming lazier and lazier.
As a matter of fact, the students are very irresponsible to themselves. Their sense of learning is too low, which causes their low learning results. In the class, they often talk or do private things, do not pay attention to the teachers' lectures. Many of them do not do homework and prepare for new lessons before class. The situation of unpunctuality, skipping class and cheating in tests or exams is quite frequent. Especially for the grade 12 students, although they are going to take the GCSE exam, they seem not to worry about their studying. They probably think that their teachers will not let them get bad marks and they will be able to cheat in the exams. They seem to be waiting for their luck, so they hardly make effort to study.
In spite of their low living conditions, the parents try to buy electric bikes for their children to go to school instead of going by bike. Furthermore, the students also own expensive and mo

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